Perspectives on Cognitive Task Analysis: Historical Origins and Modern Communities of Practice

R.R. Hoffman & L.G. Militello
New York: Taylor and Francis, 2008

Naturalistic Decision Making and Macrocognition

J.M Schraagen, L.G. Militello, T. Ormerod, & R. Lipshitz (Eds.)
Hampshire: Ashgate, 2008

The Oxford Handbook of Expertise

Ward, P., Schraagen, J. M., Gore, J., & Roth, E. M. (Eds.).
Chapter 19: Incident-Based Methods for Studying Expertise. By: L.G. Militello, & S. Anders
Oxford University Press: Oxford, 2020

Cognitive Engineering Applications in Health Care

A.M. Bisantz, C.M. Burns, & R.J. Fairbanks (Eds.)
Chapter 2: The role of cognitive engineering in improving clinical decision support. By: A. Miller & L.G. Militello
New York: CRC Press, 2015

The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Engineering

J.D. Lee & A. Kirlik (Eds.)
Chapter 15: Decision-Centered Design. By: L.G. Militello & G. Klein
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013

Advances in Design for Cross-Cultural Activities Part I

D. Schmorrow & D. Nicholson (Eds.)
Chapter 2: Methodology for developing the expert model: The case of the combat hunter. By: W.A. Ross, & L.G. Militello
New York: CRC Press, 2011

Expertise Out of Context

R. Hoffman (Ed.)
Chapter 7: Expert Apprentice Strategies. By: L.G Militello & L. Quill
New York: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2007

How Professionals Make Decisions

B. Brehemer, R. Lipshitz, & H. Montgomery (Eds.)
Chapter 23: The knowledge audit as an approach for cognitive task analysis. By: G. Klein & L.G. Militello
New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2005

Advances in Human Performance and Cognitive Engineering Research

E. Salas (Ed.)
Chapter 4: Some guidelines for conducting cognitive task analysis. By: G. Klein & L.G. Militello
Bingley, UK: Emerald Group, 2002

Linking Expertise and Naturalistic Decision Making

E. Salas & G. Klein (Eds.)
Chapter 14: Representing Expertise. By: L.G. Militello
New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2001

Task Analysis for Instructional Design

D.H. Jonassen, M. Tessmer, & WH. Hannum (Eds.)
Chapter 18: Critical Incident/Critical Decision Method. By: D. Jonassen, L.G. Militello, & B. Crandall
New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1998

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Alarcon, G. M., Militello, L. G., Ryan, P., Jessup, S. A., Calhoun, C. S., & Lyons, J. B. (2017). A descriptive model of computer code trustworthiness. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 11(2), 107-121.

Bennett, K. B., Bryant, A., & Sushereba, C. (2018). Ecological interface design for computer network defense. Human Factors, 60(5), 610-625.

Diiulio, J., Militello, L.G., Andraka-Christou, B.T., Cook, R.L., Hurley, R.W., Downs, S.M., Anders S., Mamlin, B.W., Danielson, E.C., and Harle, C.A. (2020). Factors That Influence Changes to Existing Chronic Pain Management Plans. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. 33:42-50. doi:10.3122/jabfm.2020.01.190284.

Diiulio, J., Militello, L.G., Klein, D.E. (2020). UAS integration in congested terminal airspace: Challenges posed to pilots. Journal of Unmanned Vehicle Systems. 00: 1–10.

Elkhadragy, N., Ifeachor, A. P., Diiulio, J. B., Arthur, K. J., Weiner, M., Militello, L. G., … Russ, A. L. (2019). Medication decision-making for patients with renal insufficiency in inpatient and outpatient care at a US Veterans Affairs Medical Centre: a qualitative, cognitive task analysis. BMJ Open, 9(5), e027439. Best Paper Award for 2019, chosen from among the faculty of the Department of Pharmacy Practice, Purdue University.

Ernst, K. M., McComb, S. A., & Ley, C. (2018). Nurse‐to‐nurse shift handoffs on medical–surgical units: A process within the flow of nursing care. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 27(5-6), e1189-e1201.

Ernst, K., McComb, S., & Ley, C. (2019). Examining medical-surgical nurse shift-to-shift handoffs to identify process, failures, and effects. IISE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering, 9(2), 120-130.

Flanagan ME, Saleem JJ, Millitello LG, Russ AL, Doebbeling BN. Paper- and computer-based workarounds to electronic health record use at three benchmark institutions. J Am Med Inform Assoc. Jun 2013;20(e1):e59-66.

Geis, G.L., Wheeler, D.S., Bunger, A., Militello, L.G., Taylor, R.G., Bauer, J.P., Byczkowski, T.L., Kerrey, B.T., & Patterson, M.D. (2018). A validation argument for a simulation-based training course centered on assessment, recognition and early management of pediatric sepsis. Simulation in Healthcare, 13(1), 16-26.

Harle, C., Anders, S., Militello, L., Downs, S., Danielson, E., Mamlin, B., … & Hurley, R. (2017). (300) Developing clinical decision support for chronic pain by understanding clinician information needs during primary care visits. The Journal of Pain, 18(4), S50.

Klein, H. A., Lin, M. H., Miller, N. L., Militello, L. G., Lyons, J. B., & Finkeldey, J. G. (2019). Trust across culture and context. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 13(1), 10-29.

Klein, G., Borders, J., Newsome, E., Militello, L., & Klein, H. A. (2018). Cognitive skills training: lessons learned. Cognition, Technology & Work20(4), 681-687.


Lopez, C. E., Militello, L. G., Arbuckle, N. B., & Wolf, S. P. (2011). Improving the usability of electronic health records through decision-centered design. Journal of Cognitive Technology, 16(2), 45-52.

Militello, L.G., Hurley, R.W., Cook, R.L., Danielson, E., Diiulio, J., Downs, S.M., Anders, S., Harle, C.A. (2020). Primary care clinicians’ beliefs and strategies for managing chronic pain in an era of a national opioid epidemic. Journal of General Internal Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06178-2. 

Militello, L.G., Hurley, R.W., Militello, L. G., Anders, S., Downs, S. M., Diiulio, J., Danielson, E. C., Hurley, R. W., & Harle, C. A. (2018). Understanding how primary care clinicians make sense of chronic pain. Cognition, Technology & Work, 20(4), 575-584., R.L., Danielson, E., Diiulio, J., Downs, S.M., Anders, S., Harle, C.A. (2020). Primary care clinicians’ beliefs and strategies for managing chronic pain in an era of a national opioid epidemic. Journal of General Internal Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06178-2. 

Militello, L. G., & Weiner, M. (2018). Preface to the Special Issue on “The Role of Best Practices in Health Care Decision Making”. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making12(3), 175-177.

Militello, L. G., Rattray, N. A., Flanagan, M. E., Franks, Z., Rehman, S., Gordon, H. S., … & Frankel, R. M. (2018). “Workin’on Our Night Moves”: How residents prepare for shift handoffs. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety44(8), 485-493.

Militello, L. G., Savoy, A., Porter, B., Flanagan, M., Wu, J., Adams, J., … & Weiner, M. (2018). Hidden complexities in information flow between primary and specialty care clinics. Cognition, Technology & Work, 1-10.

Militello, L.G., DiIulio, J.B., Borders, M.R., Sushereba, C.E., Saleem, J.J., Haverkamp D, Imperiale, T.F. (2017) Evaluating a modular decision support application for colorectal cancer screening. Applied Clinical Informatics, 8(1).

Militello, L.G., Saleem. J.J., Borders, M.R., Sushereba, C.E., Haverkamp, D., Wolf, S.P., Doebbeling, B.N. (2016). Designing Colorectal Cancer Screening Decision Support: A cognitive engineering enterprise. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 10(1), pp. 74-90.

Militello, L.G., Sushereba, C.E., Branlat, M., Bean, R., Finomore, V. (2015). Designing for military pararescue: Naturalistic decision-making perspective, methods, and frameworks. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. 88, 251-272. doi:10.1111/joop.12114.

Militello, L.G., Arbuckle, N.B., Saleem J.J., Patterson, E.S., Flanagan, M.E., Haggstrom, D.A., Doebbeling, B.N.  (2014). Sources of variation in primary care clinical workflow: Implications for the design of cognitive support. Health Informatics Journal, 20(1), pp. 35-49.

Militello, L. G., Dominguez, C. O., Lintern, G., & Klein, G. (2010). The role of cognitive systems engineering in the systems engineering design process. Systems Engineering, 13(3), 261-273.

Militello, L.G., Patterson, E.S., Bowman, L., Wears, R. (2007).  Information flow during crisis management:  Challenges to coordination in the emergency operations Center.  Cognition, Technology, and Work Special Issue on Large-Scale Coordination, 9, 25-31.

Militello, L.G., Kyne, M.M., Klein, G., Getchell, K., & Thordsen, M.L. (1999).  A synthesized model of team performance.  International Journal of Cognitive Ergonomics, 3 (2),131-158.

Militello, L.G. & Hutton, R.J.B. (1998).  Applied Cognitive Task Analysis (ACTA): A practitioner’s toolkit for understanding cognitive task demands.  Ergonomics Special Issue: Task Analysis, 41 (11), 1618 -1641.

Militello, L.G., & Lim, L. (1995).  Patient assessment skills:  Assessing early cues of necrotizing enterocolitis.  The Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing, 9 (2), 42-52.

Patterson, M.D., Militello, L.G., Bunger, A., Taylor, R.G., Wheeler, D.S., Klein, G., Geis, G.L. (2016). Leveraging the critical decision method to develop simulation-based training for early recognition of sepsis, Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 10(1), pp. 36-56.

Patterson, E. S., Militello, L. G., Su, G., & Sarkar, U. (2016). Characterizing a naturalistic decision-making phenomenon: Loss of system resilience associated with implementation of new technology. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 10(3), 229-243.

Patterson, E.S., Doebbeling, B.N., Fung, C.H., Militello, L., Anders, S., Asch, S.A. (2005).  Identifying barriers to the effective use of clinical reminders:  Bootstrapping multiple methods.  Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 38(3), pp. 189-199.

Rattray, N. A., Flanagan, M. E., Militello, L. G., Barach, P., Franks, Z., Ebright, P., … & Frankel, R. M. (2019). “Do You Know What I Know?”: How communication norms and recipient design shape the content and effectiveness of patient handoffs. Journal of general internal medicine34(2), 264-271.

Rattray, N. A., Ebright, P., Flanagan, M. E., Militello, L. G., Barach, P., Franks, Z., … & Frankel, R. M. (2018). Content counts, but context makes the difference in developing expertise: a qualitative study of how residents learn end of shift handoffs. BMC medical education18(1), 249.

Roth, E. M., Sushereba, C., Militello, L. G., Diiulio, J., & Ernst, K. (2019). Function Allocation Considerations in the Era of Human Autonomy Teaming. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 13(4), 199-220.

Russ, A. L., Militello, L. G., Glassman, P. A., Arthur, K. J., Zillich, A. J., & Weiner, M. (2019). Adapting cognitive task analysis to investigate clinical decision making and medication safety incidents. Journal of patient safety, 15(3), 191-197.

Russ, A. L., Fairbanks, R. J., Karsh, B. T., Militello, L. G., Saleem, J. J., & Wears, R. L. (2013). The science of human factors: separating fact from fiction. BMJ quality & safety, 22(10), 802-808.

Russ, A. L., Militello, L. G., Saleem, J. J., Fairbanks, R. J., & Wears, R. L. (2013). Response to separating fact from opinion: a response to ‘the science of human factors: separating fact from fiction’. BMJ quality & safety, 22(11), 964-966.

Saleem, J. J., Militello, L. G., Russ, A. L. & Wilck, N. R.  (2016).  The need for better integration between applied research and operations to advance health information technology. Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation.

Saleem JJ, Haggstrom DA, Militello LG, Flanagan M, Kiess CL, Arbuckle N, Doebbeling BN. Redesign of a computerized clinical reminder for colorectal cancer screening: A human-computer interaction evaluation. BMC Medical Information Decision Making. 2011; 11:74.

Saleem JJ, Patterson ES, Militello L, Anders S, Falciglia M, Wissman JA, Roth EM, Asch SM.  (2007) Impact of clinical reminder redesign on learnability, efficiency, usability, and workload for ambulatory clinic nurses.  Journal of American Medical Information Association. 2007; 14:632-640.

Saleem J.J., Patterson E.S., Militello L., Render M.L., Orshansky G., and Asch S.A. (2005).  Exploring barriers and facilitators to the use of computerized clinical reminders. Journal of American Medical Information Association.12:438-47.

Savoy, A., Militello, L. G., Patel, H., Flanagan, M. E., Russ, A. L., Daggy, J. K., … & Saleem, J. J. (2018). A cognitive system engineering design approach to improve the usability of electronic order forms for medical consultation. Journal of biomedical informatics85, 138-148.

Sushereba, C. E., Bennett, K. B., & Bryant, A. (2020). Visual displays for cyber network defense. Ergonomics, 63(2), 191-209.

Waterson. P.E., Robertson, M.M., Cooke, N.J. Militello, L., Roth, E. and Stanton, N.A. (2015), Defining the methodological challenges and opportunities for an effective science of sociotechnical systems and safety. Ergonomics Special Issue on Sociotechnical Systems and Safety. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2015.1015622.